The Federal Corner

Welcome to The Federal Corner. Federal agencies disburse billions of dollars in broadband funds each year through multiple agencies and programs. Identifying and educating our state’s broadband stakeholders about these federal programs is essential to Colorado’s ability to secure our “unfair share” of federal funds in order to facilitate broadband access for all Coloradans. In support of Colorado stakeholders’ efforts to secure federal funding, The Federal Corner provides summary information and links to federal initiatives affecting broadband funding policy and programs.

United States Department of Agriculture

See below for the highlights and updates about a few of the USDA connectivity programs. Visit the USDA website for information on all broadband and telecom programs.


ReConnect is a grant, loan, and combination grant/loan program supporting broadband access to rural homes, farms and businesses.

Click to Expand/Collapse

The Congress appropriated $635 million, through the Supplemental Appropriations Act  passed December 27, 2020, which will be used to award the agency’s third round of funding.  It is estimated that the USDA will make close to $1 billion in loans, grants and combination loan/grants available for last mile broadband funding in late summer 2021. 

On February 26, 2021, the USDA announced it was inviting comments on the proposed rules for round three of the ReConnect Loan and Grant Program. Comments were due by April 27, 2021. The USDA hosted a webinar on April 14, 2021. The recording, available here, provides an in-depth overview of the ReConnect program. 

Awards are posted on the USDA ReConnect Program webpage.

Colorado ReConnect Awards

For more information about ReConnect in Colorado, visit our Colorado ReConnect webpage.

Round 2

On October 13, 2020, Emery Telecommunications & Video Inc. (Emery) was awarded a $6.3 million ReConnect grant to deploy a fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP) network to connect 1,638 people, 91 farms, 52 businesses, three fire stations and two post offices in Dolores, San Miguel and Montezuma counties in Colorado. Emery will provide a $2.1 million match making the total project cost $8.4 million.

On October 29, 2020, Yampa Valley Electric Association (YVEA) was awarded a $6 million ReConnect grant to provide gigabit FTTP, expanding northwestern Colorado’s rural broadband access to 264 homes, farms and businesses located in Routt, Moffat and Eagle counties in Colorado. YVEA will provide a $2 million match making the total project cost $8 million.

Round 1

On November 25, 2019, Emery Telecommunications & Video Inc., (Emery) was awarded a $2.7 million ReConnect grant to deploy a fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP) network to connect 528 households, 20 farms and ranches, 15 small businesses, as well as the fire department, Sheriff’s office and schools in Dove Creek, Colorado.

Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant (DLT)

Click to Expand/Collapse

On March 5, 2021 the USDA announced that it will commit over $44 million its next round of distance learning and telemedicine (DLT) program grants to increase access to education, training and health care in rural areas. The application window closes June 4, 2021. 

Of the $44 million, $10.2 million will focus funding to projects that provide substance use disorder treatment services in rural areas. The per grant application limit is $1 million and broadband facilities/access, if owned by the applicant, can be up to 20% of the grant, in previous DLT grant cycles facilities/access was limited to 10% of the grant application. More details: Fact Sheet.

The USDA’s DLT program helps rural communities (populations of 20,000 or less and not contiguous and adjacent to urban areas with populations greater than 50,000) connect to each other and to the world, by providing 100% grant (15% match) funding for distance learning equipment and broadband connectivity to link teachers and medical service providers in one area to students and patients in another. Eligible applicants include most entities that provide education or health care through telecommunications, including: state and local governmental entities, federally-recognized Tribes, non-profits, for-profit businesses, and consortia of eligible entities. See the USDA map of recently funded DLT projects. A complete list of DLT awards can be found here.

Colorado DLT Awards FY21

On February 25, the USDA Rural Development announced awards of 86 projects for a total of $42 million in DLT grants awards. Fort Lewis College in Durango, CO was awarded a $950,060 DLT grant which will fund four rural connectivity centers in La Plata and Conejos Counties in Colorado and Apache County in Arizona, and San Juan County in New Mexico, allowing 3,270 students to attend synchronous, fully online, face-to-face classes. This project will also allow students to access their professors and engage with the services that students on-campus have access to, including the student health center, faculty office hours, and academic support such as tutoring and library services.

On October, 7, 2020, the Colorado Department of Corrections was awarded $985,455 to provide telemedicine services to 17 correction facilities in 12 counties. The project will provide medical assessments, wellness visits, treatment follow-up, remote patient monitoring, mental health screenings, case management services, advanced care planning, and health risk assessment. This award will allow the Colorado Department of Corrections to improve health care by providing access to more health care, preventive medicine, and access to medical specialists, while reducing prisoner transport and related security management costs.

Community Connect

Click to Expand/Collapse

On December 27, 2020, Congress appropriated $35 million for the Community Connect Grant Program funding year 2021. The 2021 funding year application window opened September 24 and closed December 23, 2020. The USDA received more than $146 million in funding requests and award announcements are expected later this summer. The Community Connect grant has an award ceiling of $3,000,000 and an award floor of $100,000 for this funding cycle, requiring a 15% match. A key change in the program is that the USDA will no longer consider the availability of cellular service, as a disqualifier, in the proposed funding service area.

Eligible entities include public and state controlled institutions of higher education, city or township governments, special district governments, nonprofits institutions of higher education, Native American tribal organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments) and any other legal entity, including cooperatives, private corporations, or limited liability companies organized on a for-profit or not-for-profit basis.

Federal Communications Commission

Programs Administered by Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC)

  • E-rate: Ensuring that schools and libraries across the U.S. are connected to information and resources through the internet.
    Recent Updates:
  • Rural Health Care: Supporting healthcare facilities in bringing world class medical care to rural areas through increased connectivity.
    Recent Updates: The application window for funding year 2021 is open, closing on June 1, 2021 at 11:59:59 p.m. EDT. Recordings of previous trainings can be found here.
  • Lifeline: Lowering the monthly cost of phone or internet service
  • High Cost: Expanding networks in underserved areas so that all people in the U.S. have access to affordable voice and broadband

Rural Digital Opportunity Fund (RDOF)

Click to Expand/Collapse

The Rural Digital Opportunity Fund is the FCC’s next step in attempting to bridge the digital divide to fund the deployment of broadband networks in rural America. Through a two-phase reverse auction mechanism, the FCC directed up to $20.4 billion over ten years to finance up to gigabit speed broadband networks in unserved rural areas, connecting millions of American homes and businesses to digital opportunity.

The Phase I RDOF auction began on October 29, 2020, targeting $16 billion to deploy networks to serve up to 10.25 million homes and businesses in census blocks designated as entirely unserved by the FCC, lacking voice and broadband with download speeds of at least 25 Mbps.

On December 7, 2020, the FCC announced 180 winning bids in the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund (RDOF) Phase I auction (Auction 904). Learn more about winning bids in Colorado.

What’s Next?

Auction winners submitted a long-form application to the FCC in late January 2021, including additional information about the company’s qualifications, funding, and technical specifications about their proposed network. The FCC is in the process of evaluating the long-form filings. RDOF funding will not be distributed until the FCC approves and authorizes funding. Post authorization the carrier will be required to meet periodic buildout requirements and reach all assigned locations by the end of the sixth year.

For more information about RDOF in Colorado, visit our Colorado RDOF webpage.

Emergency Broadband Benefit Program (EBBP)

Click to Expand/Collapse

The Emergency Broadband Benefit (EBB) Program is a $3.2 billion program that provides a temporary discount on monthly broadband bills for qualifying low-income households. If your household is eligible, you can receive:

  • Up to a $50/month discount on your broadband service and associated equipment rentals
  • Up to a $75/month discount if your household is on qualifying Tribal lands
  • A one-time discount of up to $100 for a laptop, tablet, or desktop computer (with a co-payment of more than $10 but less than $50)

Eligible household enrollment began on May 12, 2021. Visit to find out if your household qualifies and learn how to apply.  

Additional Resources

COVID-19 Telehealth Program

Click to Expand/Collapse

The Consolidated Appropriations Act provided over $249 million to fund a second round of the COVID-19 Telehealth Program, which provides funding to eligible health care providers responding to the COVID-19 pandemic to support the telecommunications services, information services, and connected devices needed to provide critical connected care. The application window for Round 2 opened on April 29, and closed on May 6, 2021. To stay up to date about Round 2, visit COVID-19 Telehealth Program webpage and sign up for COVID-19 email outreach.

The March 30, 2021 R&O establishes the framework for the distribution of the $249.95 million for round two funding for the COVID-19 Telehealth Program. The R&O addresses topics such as, a system for rating applications, factoring in the hardest hit and lowest income areas, Tribal communities, health care provider shortage areas, unfunded Round 1 applicants, and equitable nationwide distribution of funding. The FCC adopted a set of objective and transparent evaluation metrics which will be used to evaluate each Round 2 application. The FCC replaced the rolling approval system used in Round 1 with a fixed seven day application window to allow for a comprehensive review of all applications in one round, and established a two-phase system for awarding funding in order to satisfy the statutory requirement that applicants be given an opportunity to provide additional information if the application will initially be denied, and to award funding as soon as possible. The $1 million per application cap remains in effect for Round 2, however the $1 million cap will not take into account Round 1 awards.

The COVID-19 Telehealth Program was established with a $200 million appropriation in last year’s CARES Act. The FCC funded 539 health care providers in 47 states for a total of $200 million by July 2020, see final list. Twelve Colorado healthcare providers serving the communities of Alamosa, Aurora, Boulder, Lafayette, Leadville, Montrose, Pueblo, Westminster, and Wheat Ridge, received over $3.9 million in awards, more details here.

Connected Care Pilot Program

Click to Expand/Collapse

On November 5, 2020, the FCC announced the opening of the application window for its newly created Connected Care Pilot Program (CCPP). The application window closed December 7, 2020 and on January 15, 2021 the FCC announced the selection of 14 applications, which include 23 separate pilot projects, for a total of over $25 million in awards focusing on remote monitoring and telemedicine projects that address critical health conditions such as high-risk pregnancy, mental health conditions, opioid dependency, COVID-19, and chronic conditions predominately serving low income and veterans. 

Emergency Connectivity Fund 

Click to Expand/Collapse

The Emergency Connectivity Fund (ECF) is a $7.2 billion program funded by the American Rescue Plan Act (ARP) to close the connectivity gap, helping schools and libraries provide devices and connectivity to students, school staff and library patrons during the pandemic.

The FCC issued a Report and Order on May 11, establishing rules for the $7.2B Emergency Connectivity Fund (ECF). The FCC directed the USAC to administer the ECF and to establish an initial 45-day program application window “as soon as practicable”. The first ECF application window will include future expenses that the school or library will incur between July 1, 2021 and June 30, 2022. If funding remains, a second application window will be opened to allow applicants to request reimbursement for purchases made between March 1, 2020 and June 30, 2021.

The FCC issued a public notice on March 16, 2021 requesting comments. Comments were due April 5, with reply comments due April 23. see sampling filed by AT&T, Charter, NCTA & EducationSuperHighway, see all comments filed in WC Docket No. 21-93

On May 3, 2021, the FCC issued a draft Report & Order (R&O) that, if adopted, designates USAC the program administrator, establish two applications windows, using July 1, 2020 as the ECF start date for reimbursable purchases, opening the second application window only if program funds remain, and setting a $400 per connected device and $250 per Wi-Fi hotspot for maximum allowable cost, bypassing competitive bidding requirements.

Broadband Data Collection

Click to Expand/Collapse

The FCC was appropriated over $98 million in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (H.R. 133) to fund the implementation of improved broadband mapping as directed by the Broadband DATA Act. During the February FCC Open Meeting the FCC Broadband Data Task Force was established to begin the process of collecting and disseminating granular broadband service availability data to improve the FCC’s broadband data mapping. It is expected that the FCC will implement improved broadband data collection tools within “months” rather than “years” as initially anticipated. The FCC launched a consumer tool recently making it easier for consumers to submit crowdsourced data on broadband network performance from both mobile and in-home broadband networks.  

On April 9, 2021, FCC published a new round of “Fixed Broadband Deployment Data” for Census blocks throughout the U.S. The new data reflects broadband providers’ Form 477 filings for June 2020. The FCC’s interactive broadband map is updated with the new data.

National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Broadband and Connectivity Programs

The NTIA will make over $1.5 billion available through three new grant programs. For an overview of the three new NTIA grant programs, review the March 2021 Webinar: NTIA Grant Programs in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021. The NTIA is holding a series of webinars focused on these new grant programs. Notices of funding opportunity (NOFO) for these new programs are expected soon. Program applicants will have 90 days post NOFO to file an application. 

The NTIA is soliciting experts to evaluate grant proposals for these programs. To volunteer as a reviewer, visit the NTIA website.

Broadband Infrastructure Program:

Click to Expand/Collapse

The $288 million program will be directed to partnerships between a state, or one or more political subdivisions of a state, and providers of fixed broadband service to support broadband infrastructure deployment to areas lacking broadband, especially rural areas. On May 19, the NTIA released the Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO). The NOFO provides program guidance and the application cycle for the newly created program, funded through the Consolidated Appropriations Act. Applications due Aug. 17, awards expected by Nov. 15.

The NTIA will prioritize applications in the following order: 

  1. Serves the greatest number of households in an eligible service area; 
  2. Serves rural areas; 
  3. The most cost-effective, particularly in rural areas;
  4. Will provide a minimum 100/20Mbps; and 
  5. Must meet all the requirements of the notice.

Eligible service areas are defined as “a census block in which broadband service is not available at one or more households or businesses in the census block”. Applicants must commit to provide service of at least 25/3 Mbps, and must support real time, interactive applications. It is anticipated that grant applications will range between $5 to $30 million, and there is no match requirement. However, priority will be given to applicants offering a 10%, or more, non-federal funding match. Projects must be completed within a year of receiving grant funds and an eligible telecommunications carrier certification is not required. NTIA will hold webinars on June 9 and June 10

Tribal Broadband Connectivity Program

Click to Expand/Collapse

This $1 billion program will be directed to tribal governments to be used for broadband deployment on tribal lands, as well as for telehealth, distance learning, broadband affordability, and digital inclusion. Program guidance and application window to be released soon.

Connecting Minority Communities Program

Click to Expand/Collapse

A $285 million program directed to Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs), and Minority-Serving Institutions (MSIs) for the purchase of broadband internet access service and eligible equipment or to hire and train information technology personnel. Program guidance and application window to be released soon

Stay Connected during COVID-19: Broadband Resources and Updates